×

Share With Us

Subjects /Class 6 / Science.6 / Food - Where does it come from?

top event

Why Should We Eat Food
02 Aug 2021

  • For good health, growth, lot of energy, body functions.
  • It helps within the growth of living organisms.
  • It also helps to repair and replace damaged parts of the body.
  • This provides the energy required for various activities.
  • It provides protection from infections and various diseases.
  • It helps within the overall growth and development of an organism.
  • We must eat different varieties of food at different times for proper Nutrition.
  • Different people eat differing kinds of food consistent with their habits, lifestyle, taste, region, religion, availability and various other factors.
  • Even during a single-family or big family different people have different choices of food.

What do you mean by Ingredients?

  • Things that are Essential or Mandatory needed to prepare a food are called ingredients.
  • Below given Materials are needed to prepare a food or side dish are called its ingredients. For example:
    • In Idli – Rice, Salt, Water, Urad Dal
    • In Roti – Wheat or Maida Flour, Water
    • In Boiled Rice – Rice, Water
    • In Vegetable or Non Veg Curry – Vegetables or (Chicken or Mutton or Fish), Spice, Salt and Water.

Edible Parts of Plant

Why we can say some parts in plant is edible?


Some parts of a plant which are eatable are called Edible parts. Some examples are:


  • Nectar:
    • Sweet juices found in flowers.
  • Sprouted seeds:
    • Seeds which grow white thread like structures when soaked in water.

Sources of Food

Source of Food from Plants

  • Plant flowers, fruits, stems, roots, seeds and leaves used as food:
  • Eg: Carrot, Beetroot, Potato, Sugarcane, Cabbage, Onion, Rose, Cauliflower, Banana, Grapes, Apple, Almond, Tomato

Source of Food from Animals:

  • The sources of food from animal usually comes under Non-vegetarian food. But all food is not called Non-vegetarian, for example: Milk.
  • Food from animals is rich in protein and vitamin D.
  • We should always include atleast one or two items of food sourced from animals. Some examples are:
    • Milk, Honey, Animal Meat, Eggs, Fish, Crabs, Prawns and so on


Classification of Animals

The animals are classified into three categories depending upon their eating habits. These are:

  • Herbivores:
    • These types of Animals which eat only plants and plants products as their food.
    • They have very sharp and strong teeth for cutting, biting and grinding as plant food.
    • Horse, Cow, Goat, Deer and so on.
  • Carnivores:
    • These types of animals which eat the flesh of other animals. They also have very sharp teeth for attacking other animals.
    • Cheetah, Tiger, Lion and so on.
  • Omnivores:Omnivore example
    • Those types of animals which eat both animals and plants.
    • Humans, Bears, Dog

NCERT Solutions

NCERT EXERCISE SOLUTIONS

Complete NCERT Exercise Solutions are covered below with thorough answers:

1.  Do you find that all living beings need the same kind of food?

No, all living beings don't need a similar kind of food. Some animals eat plants as food, and they are called herbivores. Some animals eat other animals, and they are called as Carnivores. Some others eat food from plant sources also as animals, and such living beings are called omnivores.

2. Name five plants and their parts that we eat.

Brinjal- Fruit

Groundnut- Seed

Potato- Stem

Spinach- Leaves

Beetroot- Roots

3. Match the items given in Column A with that in Column B

Column A

Column B

Milk, Curd, Paneer, Ghee

Eat other animals

Spinach, Cauliflower, carrot

Eat plants and plant products

Lions and tigers

Are vegetables

Herbivores

Are all animal products

Solutions:

Column A

Column B

Milk, Curd, Paneer, Ghee

Are all animal products

Spinach, Cauliflower, carrot

Are vegetables

Lions and tigers

Eat other animals

Herbivores

Eat plants and plant products

4. Fill up the blanks with the words given: herbivore, plant, milk, sugarcane, carnivore

(a) Tiger is a carnivore because it eats only meat.

(b) Deer eats only plant products and so, is called herbivore.

(c) Parrot eats only plant products.

(d) The milk that we drink, which comes from cows, buffaloes and goats is an animal product.

(e) We get sugar from Sugarcane.