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17 Dec 2020

The first discovery of rock paintings in 1867-68 by archaeologist Archibold Carlleyle.

The most common sites of pre-historic times are:

  • caves of Madhay Pardesh,
  • Uttar Pardesh
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Karnataka
  • Bihar
  • Kumaon Hills
  • Lakhudiyar in Uttarakhand(rock shelters on banks of River Suyal).

The Paintings from this times are divided into three categories:

  • Man
  • Animals
  • Geometric pattern in white, black and red ochre (found in Kupgallu, Pikhlihal, Tekkalkota).

Upper Palaeolithic Period

Bhimbetka vindhya hills, Madhya Pardesh is richest in paintings.

It was first discovered by V.S. Wakankar.

The theme of paintings has great variety includes hunting, dancing, sacred and roual images, animl fighting and other household scenes.

The rock art at Bhimbetka is divided into three periods :

  • Upper Paleolithic,

  • Mesolithic and

  • Calcolithic.

Linear representations of animals and humans in green and red are found in the caves.

Mesolithic Period

Hunting scenes dominate the paintings.

These people loved to paint animals like elephant, bison, tiger, boar, deer etc.

Animals are depicted in naturalistic style while humans are depicted in stylist manner.

Chalcolithic Period

  • The paintings reveal association, contact and mutual exchange of requirements. Pottery and metal tools are also shown. Different colors are used.
  • Hence, prehistoric paintings help us to understand about early human beings, their lifestyle, their food habits, their daily activities and above all their mind.
  • Prehistoric period remains are a great witness to the evolution of human civilization, through numerous rock weapons, tools, ceramic and bones. Hence, rock paintings are the greatest wealth the primitive human beings of this period lift behind.