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List of Important Vitamins with Their Sources Functions and Diseases Caused due to its deficiency

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List of Important Vitamins with Their Sources Functions and Diseases Caused due to its deficiency
17 Aug 2021

Vitamin Type

Sources

Functions

Deficiency Disease

Symptoms

A

Oranges, Carrots, Guava, Milk, Liver, Nuts, Fruits, Green Leafy Vegetables, etc.

Forms and helps maintain teeth, bones, tissue, and skin

Night Blindness

Loss of vision in darkness

B1 (Thiamine)

Sweet potatoes, peas, corn, cashew nuts, wheat, milk, black beans, dates, fresh fruits etc.

Enables cells to turn carbohydrates into energy

Beriberi

Weak muscles, unable to work due to very low energy

B2 (Riboflavin)

Mushrooms, grapes, banana, dates, mangoes, peas, pumpkin, etc.

Maintains Body growth and Red blood cells (RBCs)

Skin Disorders

Cracked Lip, Dry Skin, Sore throat, mouth ulcers

B3 (Niacin)

Mushroom, Guava, Cereals, Eggs, Fish, Meat, etc.

To control cholesterol

Pellagra

Bright red tongue, fatigue,

B12 (Cyanocobalamin)

Fish, Egg, milk, Liver

Helps in maintenance of central nervous system and RBCs

Anemia

depression, a pale yellow tinge to your skin, a sore and red tongue, mouth ulcers

 

C

Citrus fruits, tomato, broccoli, goat milk and chestnuts, amla

Promotes healthy gums and teeth

Scurvy

Bleeding gums

D

Fish, chicken, egg, liver, beef,cod, breast etc.

Necessary for the healthy development of bones and teeth

Rickets

Bones become soft and bent

E

Pumpkin, guava, mango, potatoes, milk, nuts, seeds etc.

Helps in processing vitamin K and formation of RBCs

Heart Problems and Sterility

Muscle Weakness, Immune system problems

K

Soyabean oil and Green Leafy vegetables

Essential for blood coagulation

hemorrhagic disease of the newborn.

Excessive bleeding from wound.

Iron

Baked potatoes, Cashews, Beans, Dark Green leafy vegetables, enriched breads

It forms haemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells.

Anemia

Weakness

Calcium

Blackberries, dates, milk, egg, pomegranate, almonds, wheat, soybeans etc.

Healthy bones, teeth and immune system

Hypocalcemia

Tooth Decay and Weak bones

Iodine

Sea foods, iodised salt, milk and foods that are grown in iodine-rich places

Promotes healthy hair, nails, skin and teeth. Also controls body weight and growth.

Goitre

Mental Disability in children, Glands in the neck appear swollen