It is a word that can qualify all the parts of speech except noun, pronoun or interjection (exclamation).
- Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.
- They tell – how, when or where, how often or how much.
- Many adverbs in English ends in -ly but not all.
- She smiled gently at him. (Manner)
- Ram is never late for gym session. (Frequency)
- The thieves can’t be found anywhere. (Place)
- I must complete my homework very soon. (Degree)
- We still have not completed our project report. (Time)
- Students were playing in the ground. (Adverb phrase of place)
Adverbs modifying other parts of speech
- This game is rather interesting. (Adverb modifying Adjective - Interesting)
- Ram can swim fast indeed. (Adverb modifying Adverb - Indeed)
- The car is exactly under the shade. (Adverb modifying Preposition - Under)
- Many students submitted their fee just before the last date. (Adverb modifying Conjunction - before).
Types of Adverbs
Types of Adverbs
1. Simple Adverbs
Adverb of – Time, Place, Manner, Frequency, Reason, Condition, Affirmation/Negation.
2. Relative Adverbs
(When, Where, Why, How) + Subject + Helping verb + Main verb + Object.
Note: No question mark at the end.
- The captain asked the player where they had been last night.
- Relative adverb introduces a group of words, or a clause, that tells more about a noun.
3. Interrogative Adverbs
(When, Where, Why, How) + Helping verb + Subject + Main verb + Object.
Note: There will be a question mark at the end.
- How did you do that?
- When had you been there?
Adverb of Time – It tells When anything happened.
Adverbs: Now, soon, still, then, today, yet, usually, always.
- The train will arrive soon.
- It is always expected from the greats to perform when it matters a lot.
- India will soon be the world’s biggest economy.
2. Adverb of Place – It tells Where something has happened.
Adverbs: By, down, here, near, there, somewhere, anywhere, nowhere, up.
- The new school will be built near the lake.
3. Adverb of Manner – It tells How something has happened.
Adverbs: Courageously, joyously, hastily, fast, hard, well.
- Indian soldiers fought courageously in the Kargil war.
New year is celebrated joyously all over the world.
4.Adverb of Frequency – It tells How many times or How frequently.
Adverbs: Never, once, rarely, seldom, sometimes, often.
- Celebrities never come on time.
- Rarely has it rains in world's driest places.
Position of Adverb
- Fortunately, no one hurts in the accident.
Note: Adverb of frequency, negation and certainty goes in the mid position.
- Rahul never missed a lecture.
- He writes carefully.
Rules of Adverbs
Order of Adverbs:
1. Manner, Place and Time.
2. Place, Frequency and Time.
One of them visited this temple two times a week last month.
Meaning – Helping verb comes before the Subject in a sentence.
1. If a sentence starts with the following words:
Hardly, scarcely, seldom, never, rarely, barely and no sooner.
We always use inversion.
- Hardly had I started to write when someone knocked at the door.
2. If a sentence starts with adverb phrase of place, we always use Inversion.
- On the white paper does she draw a beautiful 3-D painting.
- Near the river has an old monk been living for a long time.
3. If we provide short answers with the help of ‘Neither’, ‘Nor’, or ‘So’ – we use Inversion.
- All the players performed well so did I.
- He did not work hard nor did I.
Adverbial Phrases of frequency, time and place.
They describe where, when or how often something happens.
A qualifier is a word or a phrase that precedes an adjective or adverb.
Too, very, so, much, etc.
Structure of various Qualifiers:
Much and Very
Much + Comparative degree
E.g. Much better
Very + positive degree
E.g. Very good
Much + The + Superlative degree
E.g. You are much the best student
The + Very + Superlative degree
E.g. You are the very best student.
Much + Past participle
E.g. I have a much interested novel
Very + Present participle
E.g. This is a very interesting book.
Points to Remember
Did You Know
- Many adverbs end in -ly, which are made by adding -ly to the Adjectives.
- Adjectives that do not change form to become adverbs are called Flat Adverbs – Early, late, Fast, etc.
- Same words can act as Adverbs and Adjective in a sentence like – Early and Hard.