A conjunction is a word which joins or connects similar types of words and phrases –
- Nouns with nouns
- Verbs with verbs
- Modifiers with modifiers
- Phrases with phrases
- Clauses with clauses
Some common conjunctions are – and, or, but, nor, because, until, while, if, although and whether.
Type of Conjunctions
There are mainly 2 types of conjunctions:
- Coordinating conjunctions
- Subordinating conjunctions
Coordinating conjunctions are used to join two independent sentences.
To make a compound sentences.
List of coordinating conjunctions:
For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, Still.
- Ram is poor but he is helpful.
Shweta is a doctor and she lives in Delhi.
Subordinating conjunction is used to join two
sentences of unequal rank, i.e., one is dependent on the other.
The dependent part is called - Subordinate part that hold no meaning of its own.
It is used to make Complex sentences.
Few subordinating conjunctions:
After, before, that, as, because, if, unless, still, when, where.
- I have the same gold ring that you wore at Kunal’s party.
- The Indian team celebrated after the historic series win in Australia.
- Servants had cleaned the house before the party started.
- You will get the appraisal if you achieve the target.
- Don’t eat outside till you are advised to do so.
- Tell me where you live.
Important conjunctions and their usages
Used to show opposite result
Used to show reason
Used to show opposite reason
Used to show result
Points to Remember
Did You Know
Conjunctions are often used to extend the length of a sentence and its complexity, as they can join sentences, but many
make errors doing so. It is required from a beginner speaker to make short and
simple sentences without using conjunctions.
Starting a sentence with a
conjunction often creates a fragment. Therefore, writers are advised to steer
clear of them. But one can still use them to give particular emphasis to a sentence.
In formal writing, one
should avoid using “like” as a conjunction. One can use either “as if” or “as,”
in its place.