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Introduction
07 Jan 2021

A conjunction is a word which joins or connects similar types of words and phrases –

  • Nouns with nouns
  • Verbs with verbs
  • Modifiers with modifiers
  • Phrases with phrases
  • Clauses with clauses

Some common conjunctions are – and, or, but, nor, because, until, while, if, although and whether.

Type of Conjunctions

There are mainly 2 types of conjunctions:

  1. Coordinating conjunctions
  2. Subordinating conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions are used to join two independent sentences.

To make a compound sentences.

List of coordinating conjunctions:

FANBOYS

For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, Still.

Examples:

  • Ram is poor but he is helpful.
  • Shweta is a doctor and she lives in Delhi.

Subordinating Conjunction

Subordinating conjunction is used to join two sentences of unequal rank, i.e., one is dependent on the other.

The dependent part is called - Subordinate part that hold no meaning of its own.

It is used to make Complex sentences.

Few subordinating conjunctions:

After, before, that, as, because, if, unless, still, when, where.

Examples:

  • I have the same gold ring that you wore at Kunal’s party.
  • The Indian team celebrated after the historic series win in Australia.
  • Servants had cleaned the house before the party started.
  • You will get the appraisal if you achieve the target.
  • Don’t eat outside till you are advised to do so.
  • Tell me where you live.

Important conjunctions and their usages

  • Yet
  • But
  • Still
  • Nevertheless

 

 Used to show opposite result

 

  • As
  • Since
  • Because
  • For

 

 Used to show reason

 

  • Though
  • Although
  • While
  • However

 

 Used to show opposite reason

 

  • Therefore
  • Hence
  • So
  • That’s why

 

 Used to show result

 

Points to Remember

Note:

  • Never put ‘but’ after though and although.
    • Though/Although + Yet
  • Always put ‘may/might’ after so that.
    • So that + may/might
  • Always put ‘should’ after ‘lest.
    • Lest + Should
  • Other Structures:
    • As …… as (Affirmative / Negative sentences)
    • So ……. As (Negative sentences)
    • As ……… so (Tit for tat)
    • Even if + but
  • For doubt always use ‘if’ or ‘whether’ never use ‘that’
  • After Principal clause use conjunction ‘that’ for assertive statements and ‘if’ for interrogative sentences.
  • 'Whether' will be used as conjunction only when the interrogative sentence has ‘or’ or choice in it.
  • Example:
<Principal Clause> -- Assertive: That
                               --  Interrogative: If
                               --  Whether – or

Did You Know

  • Conjunctions are often used to extend the length of a sentence and its complexity, as they can join sentences, but many make errors doing so. It is required from a beginner speaker to make short and simple sentences without using conjunctions.
  • Starting a sentence with a conjunction often creates a fragment. Therefore, writers are advised to steer clear of them. But one can still use them to give particular emphasis to a sentence.
  • In formal writing, one should avoid using “like” as a conjunction. One can use either “as if” or “as,” in its place.